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Types of Muscular Dystrophy

The conditions listed below are covered by MDI. For more information on a specific condition, click on the appropriate link. The factsheets attached to each link were produced by our colleages from Muscular Dystrophy Campaign in the UK and we (MDI) find them to be very informative. If you are in any doubt over whether MDI covers the condition you or someone you know has, please do not hesitate to contact the Information Officer emailing mdiinfo@mdi.ie or telephoning the Head Office on 01 6236414.

1. Muscular Dystrophies

Becker muscular dystrophy
Congenital muscular dystrophy – General
MDC1A (merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy
Rigid spine syndrome (RSS)
Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophies
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Emry-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
Limb-girdle types of muscular dystrophy (LGMD) – General
LGMD 1B (also known as Liminopathy
LGMD 1C (also known as Caveolinopathy)
LGMD 2A (also known as Calpainopathy)
LGMD 2B (also known as Dysferlinopathy)
LGMD 2I
LDMG 2C 2D 2E & 2F
Ocular myopathies including ocularopharangeal muscular dystrophy

2. Myotonic Disorders

Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy
Myotonia
Myotonic Dystrophy

3. Congenital Myopathies

Central Core Myopathy
Congenital fibre-type disproportion myopathy
Minicore (Multicore) myopathy
Myotubular or Centronuclear myopathy
Nemaline myopathy

4. Mitochondrial Myopathies

5. Metabolic Disorders

McArdles Disease
Metaboolic Conditions

6. Periodic Paralyses

7. Autoimmune Myositides

Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis and Sarcoid myopathy
Juvenile dermatomyositis
Inclusion body myositis

8. Spinal Muscular Atrophies – (SMA Factsheets taken from Jennifer Trust Website)

Severe (Type I)
Intermediate (Type II)
Mild (Type III)
Adult spinal muscular atrophy

9. Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies

(Also known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth or Peroneal muscular atrophy)

10. Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction

Myasthenia Gravis

1. Muscular Dystrophies

  • Becker muscular dystrophy
  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy
  • Manifesting carrier of Duchenne
  • Congenital muscular dystrophy - General
  • • MDC1A (merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy)
  • • Rigid spine syndrome (RSS)
  • • Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophies
  • • Bethlem myopathy
  • Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy

2. Myotonic Disorders

  • Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy
  • Myotonia
  • Myotonic Dystrophy

3. Congenital Myopathies

  • Central Core Myopathy
  • Minicore (Multicore) myopathy
  • Myotubular or Centronuclear myopathy
  • Nemaline myopathy

4. Mitochondrial Myopathies

  • Mitochondrial Myopathies

5. Metabolic Disorders

  • Metabolic disorders (general)
  • McArdle’s Disease
  • Pompe’s Disease

6. Periodic Paralyses

  • Periodic Paralyses

7. Autoimmune Myositides

  • Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis and Sarcoid myopathy
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis
  • Inclusion body myositis

8. Spinal Muscular Atrophies

  • Severe (Type I)
  • Intermediate (Type II)
  • Mild (Type III)
  • Adult spinal muscular atrophy

9. Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies

  • (Also known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth or Peroneal muscular atrophy)

10. Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction

  • Congenital myasthenic syndromes
  • Myasthenia Gravis

11. Friedreich’s Ataxia

  • Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
  • Limb-girdle types of muscular dystrophy (LGMD) - General
  • • LGMD 1B (also known as Laminopathy)
  • • LGMD 1C (also known as Caveolinopathy)
  • • LGMD 2A (also known as Calpainopathy)
  • • LGMD 2B (also known as Dysferlinopathy)
  • • LGMD 2I
  • Ocular myopathies including ocularopharangeal muscular dystrophy

12. Other (Please Specify)

13. Unspecified