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Types of Muscular Dystrophy

The conditions listed below are covered by MDI. You can find more information on a specific condition by clicking on the appropriate link. The factsheets in each link were produced by our colleagues at Muscular Dystrophy UK and we find them to be very informative. Please be aware some information about services or entitlements may be relevant to the UK only. If you would like to find out information about services or entitlements in Ireland, or if you are in any doubt over whether MDI covers the condition you or someone you know has, please contact MDI’s Information Officer by emailing mdiinfo@mdi.ie or phoning 01 6236414.

1. Muscular Dystrophies

Becker-muscular-dystrophy
Congenital-muscular-dystrophy – General
Merosin-deficient-congenital-muscular-dystrophy (MDC1A)
Rigid Spine Syndrome-SEPN1-related-myopathy
Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Emery Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy
Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy
Limb-girdle types of muscular dystrophy (LGMD) – General
LGMD-1B (also known as Liminopathy
LGMD1C (also known as Caveolinopathy)
LGMD-2A (also known as Calpainopathy)
LGMD2B (also known as Dysferlinopathy)
LGMD-2I
LGMD-2L
LGMD2C, LGMD2D, GMD2E and LGMD2F
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD)

2. Myotonic Disorders

Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy
Myotonia x
Myotonic-Dystrophy

3. Congenital Myopathies

Central Core Myopathy
Congenital Fibre Type Disproportion Myopathy
Minicore (Multicore) Myopathy
Myotubular Centronuclear Myopathy
Nemaline Rod Myopathies

4. Mitochondrial Myopathies

5. Metabolic Disorders

McArdle Disease
Metaboolic Conditions x

6. Periodic Paralyses

7. Autoimmune Myositides

Polymyositis Dermatomyositis
Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM)
Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM)

8. Spinal Muscular Atrophies – (SMA Factsheets taken from Jennifer Trust Website)

Severe (Type I)
Intermediate (Type II)
Mild (Type III)
Adult spinal muscular atrophy

9. Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (also known as Peroneal muscular atrophy)

10. Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction

Myasthenia Gravis

1. Muscular Dystrophies

  • Becker muscular dystrophy
  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy
  • Manifesting carrier of Duchenne
  • Congenital muscular dystrophy - General
  • • MDC1A (merosin-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy)
  • • Rigid spine syndrome (RSS)
  • • Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophies
  • • Bethlem myopathy
  • Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy

2. Myotonic Disorders

  • Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy
  • Myotonia
  • Myotonic Dystrophy

3. Congenital Myopathies

  • Central Core Myopathy
  • Minicore (Multicore) myopathy
  • Myotubular or Centronuclear myopathy
  • Nemaline myopathy

4. Mitochondrial Myopathies

  • Mitochondrial Myopathies

5. Metabolic Disorders

  • Metabolic disorders (general)
  • McArdle’s Disease
  • Pompe’s Disease

6. Periodic Paralyses

  • Periodic Paralyses

7. Autoimmune Myositides

  • Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis and Sarcoid myopathy
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis
  • Inclusion body myositis

8. Spinal Muscular Atrophies

  • Severe (Type I)
  • Intermediate (Type II)
  • Mild (Type III)
  • Adult spinal muscular atrophy

9. Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies

  • (Also known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth or Peroneal muscular atrophy)

10. Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction

  • Congenital myasthenic syndromes
  • Myasthenia Gravis

11. Friedreich’s Ataxia

  • Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
  • Limb-girdle types of muscular dystrophy (LGMD) - General
  • • LGMD 1B (also known as Laminopathy)
  • • LGMD 1C (also known as Caveolinopathy)
  • • LGMD 2A (also known as Calpainopathy)
  • • LGMD 2B (also known as Dysferlinopathy)
  • • LGMD 2I
  • Ocular myopathies including ocularopharangeal muscular dystrophy

12. Other (Please Specify)

13. Unspecified